Risks associated with high blood pressure

Chronic high blood pressure is an acute risk to health owing to the progressive damage that it causes to the blood vessels and organs.

The higher the blood pressure, the harder the heart has to work to supply the organs and tissues with blood. If high blood pressure becomes a permanent state, the heart suffers structural damage that can result in weakening of the cardiac muscle or heart failure.

Sclerosis of the blood vessels as a result of high blood pressure can cause vital organs and tissues (such as the heart, brain and muscles) to be insufficiently supplied with blood. Arteriosclerosis arises when the arterial blood vessels become constricted owing to a build-up of deposits on the walls of the blood vessels.

Since the consequences of high blood pressure, such as heart attack, kidney failure or stroke, are often fatal, high blood pressure is one of the most common causes of invalidity or death.

In order to recognise high blood pressure at an early stage, continuous self-monitoring of one’s own blood pressure is recommended. A great many devices for measuring blood pressure at home are available on the medical technology market.