The avoidance and treatment of high blood pressure

High blood pressure can be influenced both by the personal lifestyle of each individual and by medication prescribed by a doctor.

Measures the individual can take

Proper nutrition

  • reduce your weight to normal levels for your age
  • limit your salt intake and avoid excessive consumption of salt
  • avoid fatty foods
  • adopt a potassium-rich diet (large amounts of fruit and vegetables)

Tobacco and alcohol

  • avoid smoking altogether
  • consume only moderate amounts of alcohol
  • limit your consumption of coffeine (coffee, tea, and coca-cola) to small amounts

Physical constitution

  • sufficient daily exercise (preferably endurance sports, not power training)


  • reduce stress and tension
  • avoid agitation, haste and conflict situations in order to avoid psychological stress
  • get adequate sleep (since blood pressure is lower during sleep)
  • rather than taking a number of mini-breaks take fewer, longer ones, i.e. a three-week holiday at least once a year
  • choose holidays in a moderate climate and avoid extreme changes of climate

Medicinal treatment

If taking these measures is not enough to reduce your blood pressure to the optimum level, there are a great many different effective medicines available to help bring blood pressure down. However, side-effects are not always completely avoidable. The patient’s doctor designs a treatment plan specifically for him.

In order to monitor the effect and the success of the therapy, it makes sense for the patient to measure his/her own blood pressure each day in addition to the measurements taken during each visit to the doctor.

To avoid making mistakes, it is important to follow certain procedures and measuring rules.